Gypsophila paniculata (Baby's Breath)

Plant Info
Also known as: Panicled Baby's-breath, Tall Baby's Breath
Family:Caryophyllaceae (Pink)
Life cycle:perennial
Origin:Europe, Asia
  • Invasive - ERADICATE!
Habitat:sun; dry sandy or gravelly soil; roadsides, railroads, waste areas, dunes
Bloom season:July - September
Plant height:1 to 3 feet
Wetland Indicator Status:none
MN county distribution (click map to enlarge):Minnesota county distribution map
National distribution (click map to enlarge):National distribution map

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Detailed Information

Flower: Flower shape: 5-petals Flower shape: bell Cluster type: panicle

[photo of flowers] Branching cluster of hundreds of flowers on slender stalks. Flowers are 1/8 to ¼ inch across, somewhat bell-shaped with 5 spreading petals, usually white, occasionally purplish-pink. In the center is a greenish ovary with a split style at the tip, surrounded by white stamens. The calyx cupping the flower is green to purple, usually hairless and has 5 lobes shorter than the petals. Stalks are very slender, stiff, hairless, green to dark purple.

Leaves and stems: Leaf attachment: opposite Leaf type: simple

[photo of leaves] Leaves are opposite, lance-linear tapering to a pointed tip, stalkless, toothless, usually hairless, and covered with a waxy bloom giving a gray-green appearance. Lower leaves are largest, up to 4 inches long and ½ inch wide, becoming smaller as they ascend the stem and reduced to bracts in the flowering branches. Leaf nodes are swollen. Stems are much branched near the base, light green to purplish and covered with a waxy bloom, hairless except occasionally minutely rough-hairy or glandular near the base. Plants take on a dome to globe shape and have a long taproot.

Fruit: Fruit type: capsule/pod

Fruit is a round capsule containing several tiny black seeds. The capsules split open when mature, dropping much seed near the mother plant, but the whole plant often breaks off at the base and can travel tumbleweed style up to 1 km away, disbursing seed as it goes.


Baby's Breath is a popular plant in floral arrangements and bridal bouquets and a number of cultivars have been developed for flower color, flower size, number of petals, and plant shape/height. Like many other introduced species, it escaped cultivation and has become a roadside and agricultural weed, but may pose the greatest ecological threat in dunes, where it can form large colonies in this rare plant habitat. We know it is under-reported in Minnesota. Baby's Breath is not likely to be confused with any other species. The large, rounded mound of hundreds of tiny white flowers is pretty distinctive. It often looks like gray mist when seen along a roadside at 60 mph.

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More photos

Photos by K. Chayka and Peter M. Dziuk taken in Hubbard and Pine counties.


Have you seen this plant in Minnesota, or have any other comments about it?

Posted by: S. Pulju - St. Louis County
on: 2018-07-24 07:35:17

Unfortunately, I saw this plant in Park Point in Duluth on the dunes from Sky Harbor south this past weekend. Hopefully the city will get on it before it gets out of control.

Posted by: Penny Kagigebi - Detroit Lakes
on: 2019-07-14 16:03:23

This has been growing in ditches along Hwy 34 west of Park Rapids (W Becker or E Hubbard County) for 30 years. This year saw it growing in southern Bemidji (Beltrami County) across the road from the south edge of the lake.

Posted by: Lou Ochocki - Hiway 371 in Backus MN north to Hiway 84 in east ditch
on: 2020-07-26 04:07:47

I have seen this plant grow and flower for many years in this location.

Posted by: Dan Burns - Princeton
on: 2020-07-28 16:15:34

It has unfortunately become fairly common, here in town. One patch in a big vacant lot is even holding its own vs. Canada Thistle.

Posted by: K - Kelly Lake
on: 2022-07-03 14:15:11

Grows in my yard, though unsure if it was planted by previous owners or if it is "wild".

Posted by: Hope Flanagan - Willow River MN
on: 2022-07-24 23:01:17

I spotted this plant growing on the east side of 35 going north towards Duluth

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