Ranunculus macounii (Macoun's Buttercup)
|Also known as:|
|Habitat:||part shade, sun; open marshes, shorelines, wet meadows, wet ditches,|
|Bloom season:||June - August|
|Plant height:||1 to 2 feet|
|Wetland Indicator Status:||GP: OBL MW: OBL NCNE: OBL|
|MN county distribution (click map to enlarge):|
|National distribution (click map to enlarge):|
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The yellow flowers are solitary on a stout stalk in the upper leaf axils and tips of branching stems. Flowers are about ½ inch across with 5 round petals with numerous yellow stamens around the green styles in the center. The 5 sepals are as long as or shorter than the petals, spreading to bent down (reflexed) and smooth or with scattered bristly hairs on the outer surface.
Leaves and stems:
Leaves are compound on densely hairy stalks, basal and alternate, with 3 primary leaflets that are variably but principally further divided in 3s, the edges coarsely toothed or lobed, the surfaces smooth or with sparse, short stiff hairs. Basal leaves are heart to kidney shaped in outline, up to 3 inches long and 2¾ inches wide, and longer stalked than stem leaves.
The flower center expands to a round to oval seed head up to 3/8 inch long and wide. Seeds are smooth with a narrow rib all around the edge, the beak straight or slightly curved.
With relatively ample wetlands and marshes to provide for some representation across the state, Macoun's Buttercup's range restriction to NW Minnesota and westward would seem to be some indication of a preference for cooler latitudes and more alkaline soils. Within that range in Minnesota it is by no means abundant. It does bear some resemblance to two other native buttercups, both of which are more prevalent in eastern and southern portions of the state. Pennsylvania Buttercup (R. pensylvanicus) is similar in size and leaf shape and also has bristly hairs throughout, but its stems tend to be less stout and do not root at the nodes, and its flowers are half the size, with small round petals and a cylindrical seed head. Hispid Buttercup (R. hispidus) has very similar flowers to R. macounii, somewhat the same stature and leaf shape, and as it name suggests can be quite hairy, but its stems are typically more slender and more spreading to ascending, densely hairy when young becoming nearly smooth with age. Its leaves are also more evenly divided into three main segments that are also more regularly incised into smaller lobes or just merely toothed where the lobing of R. macounii leaves is more irregular
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Photos courtesy Peter M. Dziuk taken in Kittson and Marshall counties.
Have you seen this plant in Minnesota, or have any other comments about it?