Corallorhiza striata (Striped Coralroot)
|Also known as:||Hooded Coralroot|
|Habitat:||part shade, shade; woods|
|Bloom season:||May - June|
|Plant height:||7 to 18 inches|
|Wetland Indicator Status:||GP: UPL MW: FACU NCNE: FACU|
|MN county distribution (click map to enlarge):|
|National distribution (click map to enlarge):|
Pick an image for a larger view. See the glossary for icon descriptions.
Erect spike-like raceme of 7 to 26 flowers, each about ½ inch across with a short ovary and flower stalk. The 3 sepals and 2 lateral petals are similar in size and shape, oval narrowing to pointed tips, creamy white with purple to red stripes, fanning at the top of the flower. The lower lip similar size but little broader, unlobed, the striping merged to create nearly solid reddish purple. The central flower column is yellow.
Leaves and stem:
Leaves are reduced to pale green overlapping sheathes from the base. Smooth throughout, the stem is red to purple and unbranched, single to multiple clusters.
Fruit is dangling capsule up to 1 inch long.
The coralroots go from unspectacular to vibrant as Striped Coralroot demonstrates. Sporadic from year to year, MN DNR botanist Welby Smith recommends the woodland trails in Itasca State Park for reliable appearances. There are 2 recognized varieties in North America: var. vreelandii has populations primarily in the western and southwestern US, and var. striata which is present primarily in the northern and northwestern US, including Minnesota, and into Canada.
Please visit our sponsors
Native Plant Nurseries, Restoration and Landscaping Services ↓
Photos courtesy Peter M. Dziuk, taken on state forest land in northern Aitkin County
Have you seen this plant in Minnesota, or have any other comments about it?
on: 2016-06-06 12:25:51
I found 5 of these this year in the woods. Also found 1 small showy orchis. Great web site!
on: 2018-11-05 08:39:25
In 2017 we had an abundance of these in our sugar bush(counted 28 plants) it's very shaded ironwood / suger maple forest with only thin short grass and leaves for ground cover. In 2017 I marked where each plant was but none showed in 2018. They are stunning viewed up close, but it takes practice to find them, a bit like looking for morels.
on: 2021-05-29 15:38:48
Found one stalk in my neighbor's yard, seven miles east of International Falls.
on: 2021-06-13 12:19:28
I think it is some sort of coralroot, but for now all that is up are the stems. I'll hopefully still be camping here when it blooms. The stems are red and enveloped with a sheath. Their only a few inches tall right now.
on: 2022-05-29 12:31:34
Sometime around 1980, a few of these popped up on the North side of my parents' house in Duluth between a group of Juneberry tree trunks and the Northeast corner of the house. The Coralroot stalks were a short distance back from a barberry bush and the Hydrangeas that grew in front of the house. The area was shady most of the time, so not many other plants grew between the Juneberry trees and the house. I saw another Striped Coralroot years later, out at our cabin on Briar Lake.