Polygonatum pubescens (Hairy Solomon's Seal)
|Also known as:||Downy Solomon's Seal|
|Family:||Ruscaceae (Butcher's Broom)|
|Habitat:||part shade, shade; average to moist soil; rich woods, thickets, wooded slopes|
|Bloom season:||May - June|
|Plant height:||12 to 40 inches|
|Wetland Indicator Status:||GP: FACU MW: FACU NCNE: FACU|
|MN county distribution (click map to enlarge):|
|National distribution (click map to enlarge):|
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1 to 3 hanging, stalked flowers arising from most leaf axils, except the uppermost and lowest leaves. Each bell-shaped flower is ½ inch long and pale yellowish green with 6 short, flaring lobes. Stamens and styles are hidden inside the tube. The flowers are typically hidden under the leaves and may go unseen.
Leaves and stems:
Leaves are narrowly to broadly lance-elliptic, 2 to 5 inches long, 1 to 2 inches wide, toothless, blunt or tapering to a point at each end, and stalkless or nearly so. The upper surface is hairless with 3 to 9 prominent parallel veins and numerous faint veins between them.
The underside has short, fine hairs along the minor veins. Stems are single, unbranched, mostly hairless, erect in the lower plant but arch as if top-heavy, the leafy part ascending to nearly parallel with the ground. The stem zig-zags some between the alternately attached leaves.
Hairy Solomon's Seal may grow in the same woodland habitat as the related Smooth Solomon's Seal (Polygonatum biflorum), but is usually a rather smaller plant with smaller flowers. It is further distinguished by the fine hairs on the leaf underside, where Smooth Solomon's Seal leaves are hairless, and only 1 to 3 flowers in each axil where Smooth Solomon's Seal may have up to 12 flowers in a cluster.
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Where to buy native seed and plants ↓
- Hairy Solomon's Seal plant
- Hairy Solomon's Seal plants
- Hairy Solomon's Seal woodland habitat
- Hairy Solomon's Seal on a partly shaded slope
- plant with broader leaves
Photos by K. Chayka taken in Aitkin County, at Wolsfeld Woods SNA in Hennepin County, and Interstate State Park, Wisconsin. Photos courtesy Peter M. Dziuk taken in Aitkin and Hennepin counties. Photo courtesy Keir Morse taken at Interstate State Park, Chisago County.
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