Phyla lanceolata (Lance-leaf Fog Fruit)
|Also known as:||Northern Fog Fruit|
|Habitat:||sun; moist soil; along shores, floodplains, muddy flats|
|Bloom season:||June - September|
|Plant height:||6 to 20 inches|
|Wetland Indicator Status:||GP: FACW MW: OBL NCNE: OBL|
|MN county distribution (click map to enlarge):|
|National distribution (click map to enlarge):|
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Flowers are in a round cluster, about ¾ inches across, in a ring around a purple cone that elongates up to ¾ inch in fruit. Individual flowers are less than ¼ inch across, tubular with 4 irregular lobes, the lower lobe larger than the upper. Color ranges from white to pink to lavender; the center of each flower is usually darker than the outer petals, with 2 pair of yellow-tipped stamens and sometimes a yellow spot in the throat. The flower head sits at the end of a long stalk that arises from the leaf axils in the upper plant.
Leaves and stem:
Leaves are thin, up to 1½ inches long and ½ inch wide, hairless, serrated around the edges, lance-oblong to egg-shaped with a pointed tip, on a short stalk. Attachment is opposite. The stem is square and hairless, erect to ascending, rooting at the nodes and forming colonies.
Often found in areas prone to seasonal flooding, Lance-leaf Fog Fruit doesn't really resemble anything else so is pretty easy to identify.
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Photos by K. Chayka taken at Coon Rapids Dam Regional Park, Anoka County, and Fort Snelling State Park, Hennepin County. Photos courtesy Peter M. Dziuk taken at Louisville Swamp, Scott County.
Have you seen this plant in Minnesota, or have any other comments about it?