Amelanchier interior (Inland Serviceberry)

Plant Info
Also known as: Inland Shadbush, Inland Juneberry, Pacific Serviceberry
Family:Rosaceae (Rose)
Life cycle:perennial woody
Habitat:part shade, sun; average to dry soil; forest understory, woodland edges, shrubby fields and meadows, windbreaks, roadsides
Bloom season:April - June
Plant height:20 to 30 feet
Wetland Indicator Status:none
MN county distribution (click map to enlarge):Minnesota county distribution map
National distribution (click map to enlarge):National distribution map

Pick an image for a larger view. See the glossary for icon descriptions.

Detailed Information

Flower: Flower shape: 5-petals Cluster type: raceme

[photo of flowers] Upright racemes 2 to 3 inches tall with 6 to 12 white flowers at tips of branch twigs, emerging with the leaves in early spring. Flowers are about 1 inch across with 5 narrowly oblong-elliptic petals. In the center are 18 to 20 creamy-yellow tipped stamens surrounding green ovary with a long, green 5-parted style at the summit. The top of the ovary is densely covered in woolly hairs.

[photo of sepals] The 5 sepals are narrowly triangular, ¼ to about 1/3 as long as the petals, woolly hairy on the inner surface, becoming reflexed (pointing downward) soon after flowering. Flower stalks are hairless, ¼ to 1 inch long at flowering, those lower on the raceme elongating up to 1¾ inches in fruit.

Leaves and stems: Leaf attachment: alternate Leaf type: simple

[photo of leaves] Leaves are alternate, 1½ to 2½ inches long, 1 to 1½ inches wide, egg-shaped to elliptic, widest at or below the middle, rounded to somewhat heart-shaped at the base, pointed at the tip. Edges are finely toothed with 22 to 45 teeth per side on larger leaves. At flowering time, leaves are typically bronze-tinged, folded and about half their mature size, with the upper surface hairless to sparsely hairy and the lower sparsely to moderately hairy. Later, leaves become green and flat with both surfaces hairless. Leaf stalks are up to 1 inch long and hairy when young.

[photo of twig and buds] Young twigs are greenish brown and hairless, turning reddish brown with scattered whitish lenticels (pores) into winter. Buds are reddish brown, lance-elliptic, sharply pointed at the tip, and variously hairy mostly around bud scale edges.

[photo of bark] Mature bark is gray, smooth except for shallow fissures. Stems are single or multiple from the base, erect, up to 5½ inches in diameter on larger stems, with a crown typically taller than wide. Plants sometimes form colonies from root suckers.

Fruit: Fruit type: berry/drupe

[photo of fruit] Fruit is berry-like, globe-shaped, ¼ to 2/3 inch diameter, turning deep reddish purple at maturity.


Serviceberries (other common names are Shadbush or Juneberry) are a large group of small trees or shrubs that dot our woodlands and meadows with sprays of white flowers, just as other trees begin to leaf out in early spring. Most of them inhabit the eastern forests of North America with Minnesota on the westernmost edge of the range, and different species are often growing in close association. They are a perplexing group to identify with few distinct characteristics for any given species. Hybridization between species is frequent with diverging and integrating forms common. Within a species, traits like hairiness and leaf shapes are variable and leaf forms often differ within a single individual, depending on what part of the branches they are found. Specific site conditions like sunlight, soil type and moisture levels can also have great influence. Because some characteristics like leaf hairs can change over the season, early and late observations may be necessary for correct identification.

Inland Serviceberry is common in Minnesota. The general growth and leaf form is similar to both Smooth Serviceberry (A. laevis) and Downy Serviceberry (A. arborea), but A. interior can be distinguished by the combination of a hairy ovary (unlike both others) and young leaves with hairy undersides (unlike A. laevis). It's been suggested in botanical circles that A. interior is possibly the result of hybrid swarms (parents and their children hybridizing with each other) between A. laevis and possibly A. sanguinea, which is also common in Minnesota, but a shorter shrub (not over 10 feet), and has more coarsely toothed and hairier leaves than A. interior.

Native Plant Nurseries, Restoration and Landscaping Services ↓

Map of native plant resources in the upper midwest

  • Morning Sky Greenery - Native Prairie Plants
  • Natural Shore Technologies - Using science to improve land and water
  • Minnesota Native Landscapes - Your Ecological Problem Solvers
  • Spangle Creek Labs - Native orchids, lab propagated
  • Prairie Restorations - Bringing people together with the land

More photos

Photos by K. Chayka taken in Anoka, Pine and Ramsey counties. Photos by Peter M. Dziuk taken in Anoka, Carlton and Pine counties.


Have you seen this plant in Minnesota, or have any other comments about it?

Posted by: Nick Christensen - Hwy 65 north and junction County 57
on: 2024-05-28 13:55:34

Iam about one half hour west of Cook Mn 55771 or Gheen Mn. Iam learning what is on my very wet marsh 20 acres... I think I have inland aervice berry shrubs. Also beautiful yellow flower marsh marigolds. Koochiching County and plenty of speckled Alder. Anyway Iam excited to be learning.

Post a comment

Note: All comments are moderated before posting to keep the riff-raff out. An email address is required, but will not be posted—it will only be used for information exchange between the 2 of us (if needed) and will never be given to a 3rd party without your express permission.

For info on subjects other than plant identification (gardening, invasive species control, edible plants, etc.), please check the links and invasive species pages for additional resources.


Note: Comments or information about plants outside of Minnesota and neighboring states may not be posted because Id like to keep the focus of this web site centered on Minnesota. Thanks for your understanding.